Our research investigates the legal gambling age in a variety of settings. Gambling attitudes and legality vary greatly around the globe. Our data includes the legal gambling age for online and land-based casinos, tourist legislation, municipal regulations, and, of course, the legal status of gambling in the nation.
All of our data is available at no cost. If you wish to utilize our data in a piece of writing, we simply request that you include a link to the page’s URL.
Additional insights from our data
The interactive map illustrates a wide variety of legal and minimum gambling ages throughout the world. There is a great deal of material to read and examine on your own. By splitting it down into topic-specific summaries, you may obtain incredibly profound insights at a look.
What are the age ranges for gambling on each continent?
Which age restrictions exist in the most prominent gambling cities in the world?
Why do certain nations have ambiguous legislation regarding gambling age and regulation?
A comment about the United States
As seen by the map, the United States has a relatively unusual legal environment regarding gambling and casinos. Some states have a minimum age of 18, others of 21, and some have an outright prohibition. State regulations and minimum ages vary widely. In fact, they differ so greatly that we have specialized recommendations for gambling in the United States.
Age limits for gamblers.
Globally, age restrictions on gambling are crucial for a variety of reasons. In the vast majority of nations, gambling is permitted after a person reaches “adulthood.” Gambling, like other age-restricted activities such as drinking and smoking, may be an addictive pastime that can result in financial and mental health issues.
Having age restrictions helps protect minors. Even fewer nations have no gaming laws or rules, and even fewer have no age restrictions. Below, we will examine who and how certain nations govern gaming.
For a more in-depth examination of regulation in general, see our companion article on gambling regulators.
Is gambling by minors a legitimate concern?
Globally, it is generally illegal for children and adolescents to gamble. Many jurisdictions allow minors under the age of 18 to legally work and earn money, but prohibit them from participating in land-based and internet gambling.
In 2019, the UK Gambling Commission produced a report on the gambling habits of young people. The age range of the sample was between 11 and 16 years. 1.7% of individuals polled were classed as “problem” gamblers, while 2.7% were deemed “at risk.”
These are some of the more intriguing findings:
In the week preceding to participating in the survey, these data were mostly an improvement over a UKGC 2018 research, but they suggest that young people discover methods to circumvent prohibitions. This also relies on how each nation or area defines gambling and gaming within its legal framework.
There are, of course, numerous exceptions that might further complicate issues; the following are some frequent instances:
Children and adolescents can use real money to purchase loot boxes in mobile game apps. The fact that loot boxes contain unidentified objects makes their purchase a “game of chance” under the majority of gambling regulations. Numerous nations are attempting to prohibit loot boxes for minors.
Numerous national lotteries permit participation by those under the age of 18, yet many feel that these games are just as damaging as any other form of online or offline real-money gambling. National and state lotteries are sometimes the sole exceptions for gambling, and the possible millionaire status of minors raises ethical concerns.
A youngster can play a coin-pusher game unaccompanied and lawfully in an arcade, but not online. This may appear counterintuitive given that a number of online slot games operate essentially identically.
You may have observed exceptions on our map or be familiar with them in your area. It is one of the most rapidly-changing parts of industry legislation because opinions and rules around gambling by minors vary widely across the globe.